Subject to Clause 1.2, all Services of the Company whether gratuitous or not are undertaken subject to these terms and conditions and not otherwise and:
the provisions of Part I shall apply to all such Services.
the provisions of Part II shall only apply to the extent that such Services are provided by the Company as agents.
the provisions of Part III shall only apply to the extent that such Services are provided by the Company as principals.
Where a document is issued by or on behalf of the Company and bears the title of, or includes the words, “bill of lading” (whether or not negotiable), or sea or air “waybill” and provides that the Company contracts as carrier, the provisions set out in that document, if inconsistent with these Conditions, shall be paramount and prevail over these Conditions to the extent that such provisions are inconsistent but no further.
Any variation, cancellation or waiver of these terms and conditions (or any of them) must be in writing signed by a Director of the Company. No other person has or will be given any authority whatsoever to agree to any variation, cancellation or waiver of these terms and conditions.
The terms and conditions set out herein shall prevail over the terms and conditions set out in any document used by the Client, the Owner or any other person having an interest in the Goods and purporting to have a contractual effect.
The Client shall give the Company not less than fourteen (14) days prior written notice of any proposed change of ownership of the Client or any change in the Client’s name and/or any other change in the Client’s details (including but not limited to, changes in the Client’s address, facsimile number, or business practice). The Client shall be liable for any loss incurred by the Company as a result of the Client’s failure to comply with this clause.
Provision of Services
All Services are provided by the Company as agents only, except in the following circumstances where the Company acts as principal:
where the Company performs any carriage, handling or storage of Goods, but only to the extent that the carriage is performed by the Company itself or its servants and the Goods are in the actual custody and control of the Company; or
where, prior to the commencement of the carriage of Goods, the Client in writing demands from the Company particulars of the identity, Services or charges of persons instructed by the Company to perform part or all of the carriage, and the Company fails to give the particulars demanded within 28 days. However, for the purposes of this sub clause, the Company shall only be deemed to be contracting as a principal in respect of that part of the carriage which the Company fails to give the particulars demanded; or
to the extent that the Company expressly agrees in writing to act as a principal; or
to the extent that the Company is held by a court of law to have acted as a principal.
Without prejudice to the generality of clause 2.1.
the charging by the Company of a fixed price for any Services whatsoever shall not in itself determine or be evidence that the Company is acting as an agent or a principal in respect of those Services.
the supplying by the Company of its own or leased equipment shall not in itself determine or be evidence that the Company is acting as agent or a principal in respect of any carriage, handling or storage of Goods;
the Company acts as an agent where the Company procures a bill of lading, sea or air waybill or other document evidencing a contract of carriage between a person, other than the Company, and the Client or Owner;
the Company acts as an agent and never as a principal when providing Services as a Customs Broker in respect of or relating to customs requirements, taxes, licenses, consular documents, certificates of origin, inspection, certificates and other similar Services or when obtaining insurances for or on behalf of the Client or relating to the Goods (other than where by law the Company is deemed to be an agent of the insurer) or when providing any other Services whatsoever for or on behalf of the Client.
The Company is not a common carrier and will accept no liability as such and it reserves the right to accept or refuse the carriage of any Goods or any other Service at its discretion. All Services are performed subject only to these Conditions (and when applicable but subject to clause 21.6, the conditions on any Bill of Lading or Air Waybill issued by the Company as Principal).
In these conditions:
“Company” shall mean Triways Logistics (SYD) Pty Ltd.
“Client” means any person at whose request or on whose behalf the Company provides a service.
“Person” includes persons or any body or bodies corporate.
“Owner” includes the owner, shipper and consignee of the Goods and any other person who is or may become interested in the Goods and anyone acting on their behalf.
“Authority” means a duly constituted legal or administrative person, acting within its legal powers and exercising jurisdiction within any nation, state, municipality, port or airport.
“Goods” includes the cargo and any container not supplied by or on behalf of the Company, in respect of which the Company provides a service.
“Container” includes any Container, flexi tank, trailer, transportable tank, flat, pallet or any article of transport used to carry or consolidate goods and any equipment of or connected thereto.
“Dangerous Goods” includes goods which are or may become of a dangerous, inflammable, radio-active or damaging nature and goods likely to harbor or encourage vermin or other pests.
“Hague-Visby-Rules” means the provisions of the International Convention for the unification of certain rules relating to bills of lading signed at Brussels on 25th August 1924 as amended by the Visby Protocol of 23rd February 1968 and the SDR Protocol of 21st December 1979.
“Incidental Matters” means anything done or to be done in relation to the Goods or the provision of any Services ancillary to the Goods including but not limited to moving, storing or leaving the Goods at any warehouse, terminal, yard, wharf or other place or area, loading or unloading the Goods from any vehicle, vessel or other conveyance, stowing or packing the Goods or fumigating, trans-shipping, inspecting or otherwise handling the Goods or anything done in relation thereto.
“Instructions” means a statement of the Client’s specific requirements.
“Services” means the whole of the Services provided by the Company to the Client and all matters necessarily related to the provision of the Services or ancillary to the provision of the Services.
“Montreal Convention” means the Montreal Convention 1999 as applied respectively by the legislation of the Commonwealth of Australia and of New Zealand.
“Guarantor” means that Person (or Persons), who agrees herein to be liable for the debts of the Client on a principal debtor basis.
Obligations of Client
The Client warrants that it is either the Owner or the authorized agent of the Owner of the Goods and that it is authorised to accept and accepts these Conditions, not only for itself, but also as agent for and on behalf of the Owner
The Client warrants that it has reasonable knowledge of matters affecting the conduct of its business, including, but not limited to, the terms of sale and purchase of the Goods and all other matters relating thereto.
The Client shall give sufficient and executable instructions.
The Client warrants that the description and particulars of the Goods are complete and correct.
The Client warrants that the Goods are properly packed and labelled, except where the Company has accepted instructions in respect of packaging and/or labelling.
Special Instructions, Goods and Services
Unless agreed in writing, the Client shall not deliver to the Company, or cause the Company to deal with or handle, Dangerous Goods.
If the Client is in breach of Clause 5.1:
the Client shall be liable for all loss or damage whatsoever caused by or to or in connection with the Goods howsoever arising;
the Client shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Company against all penalties, claims, damages, costs and expenses whatsoever arising in connection therewith; and
the Company (or any other person in whose custody the Goods may be in at the relevant time) may, at the Company’s sole discretion, have the Goods destroyed or otherwise dealt with. For the purposes of this sub-clause, notice is not required to be given to any person of the intention to destroy or otherwise deal with the Goods.
If the Company agrees to accept Dangerous Goods and then it (or any other person) reasonably forms the view that those Goods constitute a risk to other goods, property, life or health, it may (without notice and without liability) have the Goods destroyed or otherwise dealt with at the expense of the Client or Owner.
The Client undertakes not to tender for transportation any Goods which require temperature control without previously giving written notice of their nature and the particular temperature range to be maintained and, in the case of a temperature controlled Container stuffed by or on behalf of the Client, the Client further undertakes that:-
the Container has been properly pre-cooled or pre-heated as appropriate;
the Goods have been properly stuffed in the Container; and
the Container’s thermostatic controls have been properly set by the Client.
If the requirements of Clause 5.4 are not complied with the Company shall not be liable for any loss of or damage to the Goods caused by such non-compliance.
Unless agreed in writing, the Company shall not be obliged to make any declaration for the purposes of any statute, convention or contract as to the nature or value of any Goods or as to any special interest in delivery or to make any declaration as to specific stowage requirements of any Goods.
Unless agreed in writing or otherwise provided for under the provisions of a document signed by the Company, instructions relating to the delivery or release of Goods against payment or against surrender of a particular document shall be in writing and the Company’s liability shall not exceed that provided for in respect of misdelivery of Goods.
Unless agreed in writing that the Goods shall depart by or arrive by a particular date, the Company accepts no responsibility for departure or arrival dates of Goods. Nor shall the Company be responsible for any charges arising out of any delay, including but not limited to, any delay due to the provision of incorrect documentation to either the Australian Customs Service or the Australian Quarantine Inspection Service.
No insurance shall be effected except upon express instructions given in writing by the Client and in effecting any such insurances, the Company shall be deemed to be an agent only of the Client (other than where by law the Company is deemed to be an agent of the insurer) and not as an insurer, insurance broker or other form of intermediary.
All insurances effected by the Company are effected as agent only for the Client (other than where by law the Company is deemed to be an agent of the insurer) and all such insurances are subject to the usual exceptions and conditions of the policies of the insurance company or underwriters taking the risk.
Unless agreed in writing, the Company shall not be under any obligation to effect a separate insurance on each consignment but may declare it on any open or general policy.
The Company is an agent only of the Client in respect of the effecting of insurance (other than where by law the Company is deemed to be an agent of the insurer) and in any event should the insurers dispute their liability for any reason the insured shall have recourse against the insurers only and the Company shall not be under any responsibility or liability whatsoever in relation thereto, notwithstanding that the premium upon the policy may not be at the same rate as that charged by the Company or paid to the Company by the customer.
General Indemnities and Liabilities of the Client and Owner
The Client and Owner shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Company against all liability, loss, damage, costs and expenses howsoever arising:
from the nature of the Goods, other than to the extent caused by the Company’s negligence, or
out of the Company acting in accordance with the Client’s or Owner’s instructions, or
from a breach of warranty or obligation by the Client or arising from the negligence of the Client or Owner.
Except to the extent caused by the Company’s negligence, the Client and Owner shall be liable for and shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Company in respect of all duties, taxes, imposts, levies, deposits and outlays whatsoever levied by any Authority and for all payments, fines, costs, expenses, loss and damage whatsoever incurred or sustained by the Company in connection therewith.
Advice and information, in whatever form it may be given, is provided by the Company for the Client only and the Client shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Company for all liability, loss, damage, costs and expenses arising out of any other person relying on such advice or information.
The Client shall be liable for the loss, damage, contamination, soiling, detention or demurrage before, during and after the Carriage of property of;
the Company (including, but not limited to, Containers),
the Company’s servants, sub-contractors or agents,
independent contractors engaged by the Company for performance of part or all of the Services,
any person, or
any vessel, caused by the Client or Owner or any person acting on behalf of either of them or for which the Client is otherwise responsible.
Instructions to collect payment on delivery in cash or otherwise are accepted by the Company upon and on the condition that the Company in the matter of such collection will be liable for the exercise of reasonable diligence and care only. Unless express written instructions are received that the Goods are not to be delivered without payment, the Company accepts no liability if, upon delivery of the goods, payment is not made.
The Client undertakes that no claim will be made against any servant, sub-contractor or agent of the Company which imposes or attempts to impose upon any of them any liability whatsoever in connection with the Goods. If any such claim should nevertheless be made, the Client undertakes to indemnify the Company against all consequences thereof.
Without prejudice to Clause 8.1, every servant, sub-contractor or agent of the Company shall have the benefit of all provisions herein as if such provisions were expressly for their benefit. In entering into this contract, the Company, to the extent of those provisions, does so not only on its behalf, but as agent and trustee for such servants, sub-contractors and agents.
The Client shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Company from and against all claims, costs and demands whatsoever and by whomsoever made or preferred, in excess of the liability of the Company under these Conditions.
Without prejudice to the generality of this Clause 8, the indemnity referred to in Clause 8.3, shall cover all claims, costs and demands arising from or in connection with the negligence of the Company, its servants, sub-contractors and agents.
In this Clause, “sub-contractors” includes direct and indirect sub-contractors and their respective employees, servants and agents.
The Client shall pay to the Company in cash, or as agreed, all sums immediately when due without deduction or deferment on account of any claim, counterclaim or set-off. Unless otherwise stated in writing payment shall be due thirty (30) days following the date of the invoice.
When the Company is instructed to collect freight, duties, charges or other expenses from any third party, the Client:
shall remain responsible for these amounts; and
shall pay these amounts to the Company on demand where these amounts have become due and have not been paid by the third party.
On all accounts overdue to the Company, the Company shall be entitled to liquidated damages, such liquidated damages to be calculated at 4 per cent above the base interest rate of the Company’s bank applicable during the periods that such amounts are overdue.
If any account remains overdue after fourteen (14) days then an amount of the greater of twenty dollars ($20.00) or ten percent (10%) of the amount overdue (up to a maximum of $200) shall be levied for administration fees which sum shall become immediately due and payable.
In the event that the Client’s payment is dishonoured for any reason the Client shall be liable for any dishonour fees incurred by the Company.
The Client shall be liable for and pay to the Company any additional costs or expenses the Company may incur and for any loss or damage occasioned either directly or indirectly to the Company as a result of the Company relying upon the description and particulars provided by the Client or by reason of any illegal, incorrect or insufficient marking, numbering or addressing of the Goods.
All Merchant Transactions incur a Merchant fee. For more information about Merchant Transactions, please contact Triways Logistics (SYD) Pty Ltd.
Liberties and Rights of the Company
Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the Company shall be entitled to enter into contracts on behalf of itself or the Client and without notice to the Client:
for the carriage of Goods by any route, means or person,
for the carriage of Goods of any description, whether containerized or not, on or under the deck of any vessel,
for the storage, packing, trans-shipment, loading, unloading or handling of Goods by any person at any place whether on shore or afloat and for any length of time,
for the carriage or storage of Goods in containers or with other goods of whatever nature,
for the performance of its own obligations, and to do such acts as the Company reasonably considers may be necessary or incidental to the performance of the Company’s obligations.
The Company shall be entitled (without incurring any additional liability), but shall be under no obligation, to depart from the Client’s instructions in any respect if the Company considers there is good reason to do so in the Client’s interest.
The Company may at any time comply with the orders or recommendations given by any Authority. The responsibility and liability of the Company in respect of the Goods shall cease on the delivery or other disposition of the Goods in accordance with such orders or recommendations.
The Company shall be entitled (but under no obligation) at any time and from time to time to inspect the Goods and for this purpose to open or remove any Containers.
If at any time the Company reasonably considers that the carriage of the Goods should not be undertaken or continued or only continued after effecting any necessary incidental matters or incurring additional expense or risk, the Company shall be entitled to:
abandon the carriage of such cargo or to effect such additional incidental matters and incur such additional expense, as may be reasonably necessary in order to enable the carriage to be effected or further effected; and
be reimbursed by the Client for the cost of all such additional incidental matters and all such additional expense incurred.
If the Company (or any person whose Services the Company makes use of) considers:
the performance of the Company’s obligations are likely to be effected by any hindrance, risk, delay, difficulty or disadvantage whatsoever; and
the hindrance, risk, delay, difficulty or disadvantage cannot be avoided by reasonable endeavours of the Company or such other person, the Company may (upon giving notice in writing to the Client or Owner) treat the performance of its obligations as terminated and may, at the Client’s expense, place the Goods or any part of them at the Client’s or Owner’s disposal at any place which the Company deems safe and convenient.
The notice in writing referred to in Clause 10.6 is not required where it is not reasonably possible to give such notice.
Where the Company exercises its rights and obligations under Clause 10.6, responsibility and liability of the Company in respect of the Goods shall thereupon cease absolutely.
Where the Company (or any person whose Services the Company makes use of) is entitled to call upon the Client or Owner to take delivery of the Goods at a designated time and place and delivery of the Goods, or any part thereof, is not taken by the Client or Owner at the designated time and place the Company (or such other person) shall be entitled to store the Goods in the open or under cover at the sole risk and expense of the Client.
Notwithstanding Clauses 10.6 to 10.9, the Company shall be entitled (but under no obligation) without any responsibility or liability to the Client and Owner, to sell or dispose of
all Goods which the Company considers cannot be delivered as instructed, but only upon giving 28 days notice in writing to the Client, and
without notice, Goods which have perished, deteriorated or altered, or are in immediate prospect of doing so in a manner which has caused (or may be reasonably expected to cause) loss or damage to any person or property or to contravene applicable regulations.
Where the Company sells or disposes of Goods pursuant to Clause 10.10 the Client shall be responsible for any costs and expenses of the sale or disposal.
The Company shall be entitled to retain and be paid all brokerages, commissions, allowances and other remunerations customarily retained by or paid to freight forwarders without notice to the Client.
The Company shall have the right to enforce against the Owner and the Client jointly and severally any liability of the Client under these Conditions or to recover from them any sums to be paid by the Client which upon demand have not been paid. The Client shall indemnify the Company from and against all costs and disbursements incurred by the Company in pursuing such sums including legal costs on a solicitor and own client basis and the Company’s collection agency costs.
Without prejudice to any other remedies the Company may have, if at any time the Client is in breach of any obligation (including those relating to payment) the Company may suspend or terminate the supply of Services to the Client and any of its other obligations under the terms and conditions. The Company will not be liable to the Client for any loss or damage the Client suffers because the Company exercised its rights under this clause.
The failure by the Company to enforce any provision of these terms and conditions shall not be treated as a waiver of that provision, nor shall it affect the Company’s right to subsequently enforce that provision.
Privacy Act 1988
The Client and/or the Guarantor/s (herein referred to as the Client) agree for the Company to obtain from a credit reporting agency a credit report containing personal credit information about the Client in relation to credit provided by the Company.
The Client agrees that the Company may exchange information about the Client with those credit providers either named as trade referees by the Client or named in a consumer credit report issued by a credit reporting agency for the following purposes:
to assess an application by the Client; and/or
to notify other credit providers of a default by the Client; and/or
to exchange information with other credit providers as to the status of this credit account, where the Client is in default with other credit providers; and/or
to assess the creditworthiness of the Client. The Client understands that the information exchanged can include anything about the Client’s creditworthiness, credit standing, credit history or credit capacity that credit providers are allowed to exchange under the Privacy Act 1988.
The Client consents to the Company being given a consumer credit report to collect overdue payment on commercial credit (Section 18K(1)(h) Privacy Act 1988).
The Client agrees that personal credit information provided may be used and retained by the Company for the following purposes (and for other purposes as shall be agreed between the Client and Company or required by law from time to time):
the provision of Goods; and/or
the marketing of Goods by the Company, its agents or distributors; and/or
analysing, verifying and/or checking the Client’s credit, payment and/or status in relation to the provision of Goods; and/or
processing of any payment instructions, direct debit facilities and/or credit facilities requested by the Client; and/or
enabling the daily operation of Client’s account and/or the collection of amounts outstanding in the Client’s account in relation to the Goods.
The Company may give information about the Client to a credit reporting agency for the following purposes:
to obtain a consumer credit report about the Client;
allow the credit reporting agency to create or maintain a credit information file containing information about the Client.
The information given to the credit reporting agency may include:
personal particulars (the Client’s name, sex, address, previous addresses, date of birth, name of employer and driver’s licence number;
details concerning the Client’s application for credit or commercial credit and the amount requested;
advice that the Company is a current credit provider to the Client;
advice of any overdue accounts, loan repayments, and/or any outstanding monies owing which are overdue by more than sixty (60) days, and for which debt collection action has been started;
that the Client’s overdue accounts, loan repayments and/or any outstanding monies are no longer overdue in respect of any default that has been listed;
information that, in the opinion of the Company, the Client has committed a serious credit infringement (that is, fraudulently or shown an intention not to comply with the Clients credit obligations);
advice that cheques drawn by the Client for one hundred dollars ($100) or more, have been dishonoured more than once;
that credit provided to the Client by the Company has been paid or otherwise discharged.
The Company shall have a particular and general lien on all Goods or documents relating to Goods in its possession the property of the Client or Owner for all sums due at any time from the Client or Owner (whether those sums are due from the Client on those Goods or documents or on any other Goods or documents).
Where any sum due to the Company from the Client or Owner remains unpaid, the Company, on giving 28 days notice in writing to the Client, shall be entitled (without liability to the Client and Owner) to sell or dispose of such Goods or documents by public auction or by private treaty at the risk and expense of the Client and Owner and to apply the proceeds of any such sale or disposal in or towards the payment of the sums due.
If a Container has not been packed or stuffed by the Company, the Company shall not be liable for loss of or damage to the contents if caused by:
the manner in which the Container has been packed or stuffed,
the unsuitability of the contents for carriage in Containers, unless the Company has approved the suitability,
the unsuitability or defective condition of the Container, provided that where the Container has been supplied by or on behalf of the Company this paragraph (c) shall only apply if the unsuitability or defective condition arose:
without any negligence on the part of the Company; or
would have been apparent upon reasonable inspection by the Client or Owner or person acting on behalf of either of them.
the fact that the Container is not sealed at the commencement of the Carriage, except where the Company has agreed to seal the Container.
The Client shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Company against all liability, loss, damage, costs and expenses arising from one or more of the matters referred to in Clause 13.1, except for Clause 13.1(c) (i).
Where the Company is instructed to provide a Container, in the absence of a written request to the contrary, the Company is not under an obligation to provide a Container of any particular type or quality.
For Full Container Loads (FCL) by sea the Client’s entitlement to use the container(s) ends at the terminal of arrival. The Company shall however (but strictly as set out in this clause) allow the Client to use the Container(s) for the purposes of transporting the Client’s goods away from the terminal for unpacking on the following understanding:
the Company may be liable to the ocean carrier for the clean and prompt return of the Container(s) in good condition to the nominated depot.
the ocean carrier has allowed a number of free days use of the Container(s) after which daily detention charges shall apply.
the Company may be liable for any damage done to the Container(s), cleaning, or fumigation requirements. Accordingly in consideration of the Company’s agreement to make the Container(s) available the Client beyond the terminal gate, the Client agrees to indemnify the Company for all charges, fees, or any other liability of whatsoever nature (including without limitation, interest charges and any legal costs) directly or indirectly arising from the use of the Container(s) beyond the terminal gate by the Client, or by all or any agents, acting on the Client’s behalf either directly or indirectly.
Except where otherwise provided in these Conditions, the Company shall not be liable for any loss or damage whatsoever arising from:
the act or omission of the Client or Owner or any person acting on their behalf,
compliance with the instructions given to the Company by the Client, Owner or any other person entitled to give them,
insufficiency of the packing or labeling of the Goods, except where such service has been provided by the Company,
handling, loading, stowage or unloading of the Goods by the Client or Owner or any person acting on their behalf,
inherent vice of the Goods,
riots, civil commotions, strikes, lockouts, stoppage or restraint of labour from whatsoever cause,
fire, flood, storm, explosion or theft or
any cause which the Company could not avoid and the consequences whereof it could not prevent by the exercise of reasonable diligence.
Subject to Clause 5.8, the Company shall not be liable for loss or damage howsoever caused (whether or not indirect or consequential) to property other than the Goods themselves and shall not be liable for any pure economic loss or loss of profit, delay or deviation howsoever arising.
Amount of Compensation
Except in so far as otherwise provided by these Conditions, the liability of the Company, howsoever arising, shall not exceed the following:
in respect of all claims other than those subject to the provisions of Clause 15.4 whichever is the lesser of:
the value of, or
the equivalent of US$2.00 per gross kilogram in the currency of the loss or damage, (the exchange rate to apply being the rate as at the date of the delivery of the Goods) of the Goods lost, damaged, misdirected, misdelivered or in respect of which a claim arises.
in respect of claims for delay where not excluded by the provisions of these Conditions, the amount of the Company’s charges in respect of the Goods delayed.
The limitation of liability referred to in Clause 15.1 shall apply notwithstanding that the cause of the loss or damage is unexplained.
If agreed in writing prior to receipt of the Goods, the Company may accept liability in excess of the limits set out in these Conditions upon the Client agreeing to pay the Company’s additional charges for accepting such increased liability. Details of the Company’s additional charges will be provided upon request.
Compensation shall be calculated by reference to the invoice value of the Goods plus freight and insurance if paid.
If there be no invoice value for the Goods, the compensation shall be calculated by reference to the value of such Goods at the place and time when they were delivered to the Client or Owner or should have been so delivered. The value of the Goods shall be fixed according to the current market price, or, if there be no commodity exchange price or current market price, by reference to the normal value of goods of the same kind and quality.
Unless agreed in writing prior to receipt, the Company will not accept or deal with bullion, coin, precious stone, jewellery, antiques, personal effects, works of art or other valuable Goods. Should any Client nevertheless deliver any such Goods to the Company or cause the Company to handle or deal with any such Goods other than in accordance with prior written agreement, the Company shall be under no liability whatsoever for or in connection with such Goods howsoever arising.
Notice of Loss, Time bar
The Company shall be discharged of all liability unless:
notice of any claim is received by the Company or its agent in writing within 14 days (for sea freight) or 7 days (for air freight) after the date specified in Clause 16.2, or within a reasonable time after that date if the Client proves that it was impossible to so notify, and
suit is brought in the proper forum and written notice thereof received by the Company within 9 months after the date specified in Clause 16.2.
For the purposes of Clause 16.1, the applicable dates are:
in the case of loss or damage to Goods, the date of delivery of the Goods,
in the case of delay or non-delivery of the Goods, the date that the Goods should have been delivered,
in any other case, the event giving rises to the claim.
The Client shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Company in respect of any claims of a General Average nature, including any claims or demands for General Average security which may be made on the Company, and the Client shall forthwith provide such security as may be required by the Company in this connection.
Notice Any notice served by post shall be deemed to have been given on the third day following the day on which it was posted to the address last known to the Company to be the address of the recipient of the notice.
Defenses and Limits of Liability The defenses and limits of liability provided in these Conditions shall apply in any action against the Company whether founded in contract or in tort or howsoever otherwise founded.
Legislation If any legislation is compulsorily applicable to any business undertaken, these Conditions shall, as regards such business, be read as subject to such legislation and nothing in these Conditions shall be construed as a surrender by the Company of any of its rights or immunities or as an increase of any of its responsibilities or liabilities under such legislation and if any part of these Conditions is held to be repugnant to such legislation to any extent such part shall as regards such business be over-ridden to that extent and no further.
Headings Headings of clauses or groups of clauses in these Conditions are for indicative purposes only.
Governing Law and Jurisdiction
These Conditions and any claim or dispute arising out of or in connection with the Services of the Company shall be subject to the law of the State or Territory of Australia in which the Company has its principal place of business and any such claim or dispute shall be determined by the Courts of that State or Territory and no other Court.
Notwithstanding anything herein contained, the Company shall continue to be subject to any implied warranty provided by the Trade Practices Act 1974 (as amended) of the Commonwealth of Australia or any other Commonwealth or State legislation, if and to the extent that the said Act is applicable to the contract evidenced by these Conditions and prevents the exclusion, restriction or modification of such warranty.
Notwithstanding Clause 19.1, where any claim or dispute arising out of or in connection with the Services of the Company arises in New Zealand, such claim or dispute shall be determined at the Company’s option in accordance with New Zealand law and by New Zealand Courts of competent jurisdiction.
If any claim or dispute is to be determined in accordance with New Zealand law, Clause 19.2 shall be deemed to be varied so as to apply on like terms any compulsorily applicable provisions of the Fair Trading Act 1986 (as amended) of New Zealand in place of the legislation referred to in Clause 19.2.
When New Zealand law has application to these Conditions, all Services provided by the Company as a carrier (within the meaning of the Carriage of Goods Act 1979 (as amended)) of New Zealand are provided at limited carrier’s risk in accordance with these Conditions and (other than when Clause 15.5 applies) the provisions of that Act shall prevail over any inconsistency in these Conditions to the extent of such inconsistency but no further.
PART II: Company as Agent
Special Liability and Indemnity Conditions
To the extent that the Company acts as an agent, the Company does not make or purport to make any contract with the Client for the carriage, storage or handling of the Goods nor for any other physical service in relation to them and acts solely on behalf of the Client in securing such Services by establishing contracts with third parties so that direct contractual relationships are established between the Client and such third parties.
The Company shall not be liable for the acts and omissions of third parties referred to in Clause 20.1.
The Company, when acting as an agent, has the authority of the Client to enter into contracts on the Client’s behalf and to do acts which bind the Client in all respects notwithstanding any departure from the Client’s instructions.
Except to the extent caused by the Company’s negligence, the Client shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Company in respect of all liability, loss, damage, costs or expenses arising out of any contracts made in the procurement of the Client’s requirements in accordance with Clause 20.1.
Choice of Rates
Where there is a choice of rates according to the extent or degree of liability assumed by persons carrying, storing, or handling the Goods, no declaration of value (where available) will be made by the Company unless previously agreed in writing between the Client and the Company.
PART III: Company as Principal
Special Liability Conditions
Where the Company contracts as principal for the performance of the Client’s instructions, the Company undertakes to perform, or in its own name to procure, the performance of the Client’s instructions and, subject to the provisions of these Conditions, shall be liable for the loss of or damage to the Goods occurring from the time that the Goods are taken into its charge until the time of delivery.
the Company contracts as a principal and sub-contracts the performance of the Company’s Services; and
it can be proved that the loss of or damage to or in respect of the Goods arose or was caused whilst the Goods were in the care or custody of the sub-contractor; the Company shall have the full benefit of all rights, limitations and exclusions of liability available to the sub-contractor in the contract between the Company and the sub-contractor and in any law, statute or regulation and the liability of the Company shall not exceed the amount recovered, if any, by the Company from the sub-contractor.
Notwithstanding other provisions in these Conditions, if it can be proved where the loss of or damage to the Goods occurred, the Company’s liability shall be determined by the provisions contained in any international convention or national law, the provisions of which:
cannot be departed from by private contract, to the detriment of the claimant, and
would have applied if the claimant had made a separate and direct contract with the actual provider of the particular service in respect of that service or stage of carriage where the loss or damage occurred and received as evidence thereof any particular document which must be issued if such international convention or national law shall apply.
Notwithstanding other provisions in these Conditions, if it can be proved that the loss of or damage to the Goods occurred at sea or on inland waterways and the provisions of Clause 22.2 do not apply, the Company’s liability shall be determined by the Hague-Visby Rules. Reference in the Hague-Visby Rules to carriage by sea shall be deemed to include reference to carriage by inland waterways and the Hague-Visby Rules shall be construed accordingly.
Notwithstanding the provisions of Clauses 22.2, 22.3 and 22.4, if the loss of or damage to the Goods occurred at sea or on inland waterways, and the Owner, Charterer or operator of the carrying vessel is entitled to limit its liability at law and establishes a limited fund, the liability of the Company shall be limited to the proportion of such limitation fund as is allocated to the Goods.
In the event of any inconsistency between these Conditions and the conditions of any Bill of Lading or Air Waybill issued by or on behalf of the Company as Principal, the conditions of any such Bill of Lading or Air Waybill shall prevail to the extent of such inconsistency but no further.
Both-to-Blame Collision Clause
The Both-to-Blame Collision Clause as recommended by BIMCO as at the same time of the provision of Services is incorporated into and forms part of these Conditions.
USA and/or Canada and Additional Responsibility Clause
With respect to transportation within the USA or Canada, the responsibility of the Company shall be to procure transportation by carriers (one or more) and such transportation shall be subject to such carrier’s contracts and tariffs and any law compulsorily applicable. The Company guarantees the fulfillment of such carrier’s obligations under their contracts and tariffs.
If and to the extent that the provisions of the Harter Act of the USA 1893 would otherwise be compulsorily applicable to regulate the Company’s responsibility for the Goods during any period prior to loading on or after discharge from the vessel on which the Goods are to be or have been carried, the Company’s responsibility shall instead be determined by these Conditions. If such provisions are found to be invalid such responsibility shall be determined by the provisions in the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act of the USA Approved 1936.
If and to the extent that the provisions of the Regulations made pursuant to the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1991 (as amended) of the Commonwealth of Australia (or any amendments to such Regulations) would otherwise be compulsorily applicable to regulate the Company’s responsibility for the Goods during any period prior to loading on or after discharge from the vessel on which the Goods are to be or have been carried, the Company’s responsibility shall be determined by these Conditions. If such provisions are found to be invalid such responsibility shall be determined by the provisions of the said Carriage of Goods by Sea Act.
If the Hamburg Rules should be held to be compulsorily applicable to any carriage of goods by sea undertaken by the Company as principal, these Conditions shall be read subject to the provisions of the Hamburg Rules and any term of these Conditions that is repugnant to the Hamburg Rules shall be void to the extent of such repugnancy but no further.
Where the Company acts as a principal in respect of a carriage of Goods by air, the following notice is hereby given:
If the carriage involves an ultimate destination or stop in a country other than the country of departure, the Montreal Convention may be applicable and the Convention governs and in most cases limits the liability of carriers in respect of loss of or damage to Goods. Agreed stopping places are those places (other than the places of departure and destination) shown under requested routing and/or those places shown in carrier’s timetables as scheduled stopping places for the route. The address of the first carrier is the airport of departure.
Notwithstanding any other provision of these Conditions, where the Company acts as a principal in respect of a carriage of Goods by air, the Company’s liability in respect of loss of or damage to such Goods shall be determined in accordance with the Montreal Convention.